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Unit2 Lesson1 Numeral

New words
one
èr two
sān three
four
five
liù six
seven
eight
jiǔ nine
shí ten
líng zero
bǎi hundred
qiān thousand
how many/how much
多少 duōshao how many/how much
kǒu mouth; measure word
bēi measure word( means cup)
Dialogue
Jim: Nǐ jiā yǒu jǐ kǒu rén?
Jim: 你家有几口人?
  How many people are there in your family?
Wáng Lěi: Wǒ jiā yǒu wǔ kǒu rén。Nǐ jiā ne?
王磊:: 我家有五口人。你家呢?
  There are five in my family, and you?
Jim: Wǒ jiā de rén fēicháng duō. Wǒ jiā yǒu shí kǒu rén.
Jim: 我家的人非常多。我家有十口人。
  I have a big family. There’re ten people in my family.
  Wǒ yǒu liǎng ge mèimei,liǎng ge dìdi, sān ge gēge.
  我有两个妹妹,两个弟弟,三个哥哥。
  I have two younger sisters, two younger brothers, and three older brothers.
Sentence Pattern
hàn yǔlǐde shùzì
1、汉语里的数字Numerals in Chinese
líng    yī    èr    sān    sì    wǔ
0    1    2    3    4    5
零    一    二    三    四    五
liù    qī    bā    jiǔ    shí
6    7    8    9    10
六    七    八    九    十
11=10+1
shí yī
30=3×10
sānshí
31=3×10+1
sānshíyī
15=10+5
shíwǔ
40=4×10
sìshí
45=4×10+5
sìshíwǔ
17=10+7
shíqī
50=5×10
wǔshí
57=5×10+7
wǔshíqī
100 yìbǎi
200=2×100 èrbǎi
105=100+0+5 yìbǎilíngwǔ
235=2×100+3×10+5 èrbǎisānshíwǔ
1000 yìqiān
2000 liǎngqiān
Exercise:
Read the Numbers
12    15    18    19    30    40    50    51    88    32    49    61    99    54
200    300    108    203    450    680    11    852    798
liàngcí
2、量词Measure Word
“二”和“两”
在数字里用“二”,如果后边有量词,“二”变成“两”。
“èr” is used in numerals.
While “liǎng” is often followed by a measure word.
number + measure word + n.
yígejiějie
一个姐姐
liǎng ge dìdi
两个弟弟
sān ge mèimei
三个妹妹
sì kǒu rén
四口人
yì bēi kāfēi
一杯咖啡
jǐhéduōshao
3、几和多少Both Mean "How Much/How Many"
Usage:
“几”提问的对象是小于10的数字,“多少”提问的对象可以小于10,也可以是10以上的数字。
"Jǐ" is a question word for the numeral that is less than 10. "Duōshǎo" is a question word for all the numerals.
e.g.
1) Nǐ jiā yǒu jǐ kǒu rén?
你家有几口人?
How many people are there in your family?
2) Nǐ jiā yǒu duōshao rén?
你家有多少人?
How many people are there in your family?
Exercise:
  Nǐ jiā yǒu jǐ kǒu rén?
A: 你家有几口人?
  Wǒ jiā yǒu______kǒu rén.
B: 我家有_____口人。
  Nǐ yǒu jǐ gejiějie?
A: 你有几个姐姐?
  Wǒ yǒu _____ ge jiě jie.
B: 我有_____个姐姐。
Exercise
回答问题:Answer the Questions
Nǐ jiā yǒu jǐ kǒu rén?
A: 你家有几口人?
Wǒ jiā yǒu_____kǒu rén. Wǒ yǒu____ ge ____.
B: 我家有_____ 口人。我有_____ 个_____ 。