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China Uses Space Technology

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China Uses Space Technology to Reduce Disasters
Chinese officials said that natural disasters create a tremendous loss in China. Therefore, China is actively using space technology to help reduce the damage from disasters.
* 天灾多 危害大 *
* Many natural disasters and great losses *
中国国家航天局长栾恩杰四月二十七号在亚太经社会的特别小组会议当中指出,除了火山活动导致的灾害以外, 几乎所有的自然灾害每年都在中国发生,给中国的国民经济和个人的生活财产造成严重的损失。
Luan Enjie, director of China's State Aerospace Bureau, said during a special group meeting of the Asian Pacific Economic Society on April 27, that besides volcanic eruption disasters, many other natural disasters occur in China each year, which causes serious losses to China's economy as well as to individuals and their property.
He continued by saying that, according to preliminary statistics, natural disasters that occurred in 2003 caused a direct economic loss to China of 188.4 billion Renminbi. Because of this, the Chinese government is very concerned about disaster control and will take measures to prevent or reduce the damage from natural disasters in order to improve the national economy and society.
* 空间技术提供信息 *
* Space technology provides the information *
Using space technology to reduce the effects of disasters has already become an important part of China's work. Luan Enjie said: "Especially in aspects of monitoring disasters, the emergency response, the reconstruction, and ways to reduce disasters, etc., the information provided by space technology plays an important role in disaster management resolution."
Chief Lang, of the Aerospace Bureau, said that the Chinese Government will build an environment and disaster satellite network. This will be carried out in two phases. China will complete the first phase on its own. It is estimated that China will launch a "two plus one" satellite network, which is composed of two optical planetoids and a smaller radar satellite, by the year 2006. This will allow dynamic, real-time monitoring of China's disasters and environmental conditions over a wide area, in all kinds of weather, 24 hours a day. The second phase is projected for 2010. China, through international cooperation, will build another satellite network, which is composed of 4 plus 4 satellites, in order to achieve monitoring over a larger area, 24 hours a day and in all weather conditions. It will also be able to provide network support and share the data.
* 亚太减灾机制有效平台 *
* An effective platform for Asian and Pacific Area disaster reduction *
Vice-Minister Yang Yanyin, of the Chinese Ministry of Civil Administration, stated at the meeting that developing these satellite networks will move China's disaster reduction forward and raise it to a new level. It would also make it an effective platform for the development of an Asian and Pacific Coast disaster reduction program.
He said that, in promoting the application of space technology for China and other Asian and Pacific regional countries in disaster management, China wants to enlist international cooperation and will share the related technological achievements with Asia and various other countries. China will use other resources as well, in order to strengthen its ability to put together a comprehensive disaster reduction program.
* 同俄罗斯美国探讨合作 *
* Discussing cooperation with the Russians and the US *
Director Luo Ge of the News Department in China's State Aerospace Bureau, who currently also holds the position of Secretary General for Asian and Pacific Space Technology, pointed out that, as for the space technology monitoring system, China has already discussed cooperation with Russia, India, Korea, Malaysia and the United States. He said that, so long as these countries are willing to participate in this satellite network program, China welcomes them.
Lou Ge indicated that China still needs improvements in satellite resolution for remote sensing technology. He said that, at present, America and Europe have a higher resolution in their remote sensing satellites, i.e. several dozen centimeters under one meter. In the future we will need to improve in this area.