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Unit7 Lesson1 School

New words
大学 dàxué university
高中 gāozhōng high school
毕业 bìyè to graduate
初中 chūzhōng middle school
小学 xiǎoxué elementary school
辛苦 xīnkǔ hard, laborious
年级 niánjí grade
马上 mǎshàng soon, right away
压力 yālì pressure
bān class
差不多 chàbùduō more or less
Dialogue
Zhāng Míng: Nǐ zài nǎr shàng de dàxué?
张明: 你在哪儿上的大学?
  Where did you go to university?
Wáng Lán: Wǒ zài Shànghǎi shàng de dàxué.
王兰: 我在上海上的大学。
  I went to university in Shanghai.
Zhāng Míng: Kěshì, nǐ jiā búzài Shànghǎi.
张明: 可是,你家不在上海。
  But your home is not in Shanghai.
Wáng Lán: Duì, wǒ jiā zài Hángzhōu. Wǒ gāozhōng bìyè yǐhòu qùle Shànghǎi.
王兰: 对,我家在杭州。我高中毕业以后去了上海。
  No, my home is in Hangzhou. I went to Shanghai after I graduated from high school.
Zhāng Míng: Nǐ de dìdi mèimei dōu zài Hángzhōu ma?
张明: 你的弟弟妹妹都在杭州吗?
  Are your younger brother and sister both in Hangzhou?
Wáng Lán: Shìde, tāmen dōu zài Hángzhōu. Dìdi shàng chūzhōng, mèimei shàng xiǎoxué.
王兰: 是的,他们都在杭州。弟弟上初中,妹妹上小学。
  Yes, they are both in Hangzhou. My younger brother is in junior high school, and younger sister is in primary School.
Zhāng Míng: Tīngshuō xiànzài xiǎoxuéshēng yě hěn xīnkǔ. Nǐ mèimei shàng jǐ niánjí?
张明: 听说现在小学生也很辛苦。你妹妹上几年级?
  I heard that life in primary schools is not that easy either these days. Which grade is your younger sister in?
Wáng Lán: Nǐ shuōde duì. Tā xiànzài shì liù niánjí, mǎshàng yào bìyè le, yālì tǐng dà de.
王兰: 你说得对。她现在是六年级,马上要毕业了,压力挺大的。
  You are right. She is in 6th grade now, and will graduate soon. That's why she's gotten a lot of pressure.
Zhāng Míng: Tāmen bān de xuéshēng duō ma?
张明: 她们班的学生多吗?
  Are there many students in her class?
Wáng Lán: Fēicháng duō, yíge bān yǒu chàbuduō liùshíge xuéshēng.
王兰: 非常多,一个班有差不多六十个学生。
  A lot. There are almost 60 students in one class.
Sentence Pattern
Nǐ zài nǎr shàngde dàxué?
1、你在哪儿上的大学?Where did you go to university?
Usage: "v. de o." is used for the time, place etc. of something happened in the past.
e.g.
Q: Nǐ zài nǎr shàngde dàxué?
你在哪儿上的大学?
Where did you go to univerisity?
A: Wǒ zài Běijīng shàng de dàxué.
我在北京上的大学。
I went to university in Beijing.
Exercise:
Nǐ zài nǎr shàng de xiǎoxué, chūzhōng, gāozhōng, dàxué?
1) 你在哪儿上的小学,初中,高中,大学?
Nǐ jīntiān jǐdiǎn chī de zǎofàn?
2) 你今天几点吃的早饭?
Nǐ zuótiān zěnme qù de gōngsī?
3) 你昨天怎么去的公司?
gāozhōng bìyè
2、高中毕业graduate from high school
e.g.
Q: Nǐ shénme shíhou gāozhōng bìyède?
你什么时候高中毕业的?
When did you graduate for high school?
A: Wǒ èr líng líng liù nián gāozhōng bìyè de.
我2006年高中毕业的。
I graduated from high school in 2006.
Exercise:
Gāozhōng bìyè yǐhòu, nǐ zuòle shénme?
1) 高中毕业以后,你做了什么?
Nǐ shénme shíhou dàxué bìyè de?
2) 你什么时候大学毕业的?
Dàxué bìyè yǐhòu, nǐ qùle nǎr?
3) 大学毕业以后,你去了哪儿?
mǎshàng yào bìyè le
3、马上要毕业了be going to graduate soon
Usage: "yào...le" means something will happen in a short time.
e.g.
Yào xiàyǔ le, wǒmen kuàidiǎn huíjiā ba.
1) 要下雨了,我们快点回家吧。
It's going to rain. Let's go home quickly.
Diànyǐng mǎshàng yào kāishǐ le.
电影马上要开始了。
The movie is about to start.
Exercise:
Mǎshàng yào_____le, kěshì wǒde zuòyè hái méiyǒu zuòwán.
1) 马上要_____了,可是我的作业还没有做完。
Bàba shuō tā jiù yào_____le, wǒ tèbié kāixīn.
2) 爸爸说他就要_____了,我特别开心。
Exercise
回答问题:Answer the Questions
Zài nǐde guójiā, xuéshēng yǒu méi yǒu yālì?
1) 在你的国家,学生有没有压力?
Zài nǐde guójiā, tōngcháng yíge bān yǒu duōshao xuéshēng?
2) 在你的国家,通常一个班有多少学生?
Qǐng jièshào yíxià nǐde xiǎoxué, zhōngxué hé dàxué.
3) 请介绍一下你的小学、中学和大学。