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Unit15 Lesson1 Getting Sick-1

New words
舒服 shūfu comfortable
感冒 gǎnmào to catch acold
发烧 fāshāo to have a fever
yào pills
time
piàn piece
咳嗽 késou to cough
拉肚子 lādùzi to have diarrhea
yūn dizzy
to vomit
检查 jiǎnchá to check
bìng ill
受伤 shòushāng be wounded
嗓子 sǎngzi throat
结婚 jiéhūn to marry
Dialogue
Yīshēng: Nǐ nǎr bù shūfu?
医生: 你哪儿不舒服?
  What's wrong with you?
Zhāng Míng: Wǒ gǎnmào le.
张明: 我感冒了。
  I've caught a cold.
Yīshēng: Wǒ kànkan. Yǒu diǎnr fāshāo. Nǐ chī zhège yào, yícì liǎngpiàn, yìtiān sāncì.
医生: 我看看。有点儿发烧。你吃这个药,一次两片,一天三次。
  Let me see. You have a fever. Take this medicine, two tablets a time and three times a day.
Zhāng Míng: Chīfàn yǐhòu chī háishi chīfàn yǐqián chī?
张明: 吃饭以后吃还是吃饭以前吃?
  Before meals or after meals?
Yīshēng: Chīfàn yǐhòu chī.
医生: 吃饭以后吃。
  After.
Zhāng Míng: Xièxie.
张明: 谢谢。
  Thanks.
Sentence Pattern
bìng
1、病Look/Look Like
Usage: Someone + 病(bìng) +了(le).
e.g.
Wǒ gǎnmào le.
我感冒了。
I've caught a cold.
Exercise: Substitution
gǎnmào le.
感冒了。
fāshāo lādùzi
发烧 拉肚子
téng
2、疼
Usage: …… + 疼(téng)
e.g.
Wǒ dùzi téng.
我肚子疼。
I got a stomachache.
Exercise: Substitution
dùzi téng.
肚子疼。
tóu sǎngzi yǎnjing tuǐ
嗓子 眼睛
Nǐ nǎr bù shūfu?
3、你哪儿不舒服?
Usage: It's often used when the doctor asks what the patients feel.
e.g.
Nǐ nǎr bù shūfu?
Q:你哪儿不舒服?
What's wrong?
Wǒ dùzi téng.
A:我肚子疼。
I got a stomachache.
Exercise: Substitution
Nǐ nǎr bù shūfu?
Q:你哪儿不舒服?
dùzi téng.
A:我肚子疼
tóuténg gǎnmàole yǎnjingténg fāshāole
头疼 感冒了 眼睛疼 发烧了
dòngliàngbǔyǔ
4、动量补语
Usage: S + V + 动量补语(dòngliàngbǔyǔ) + O.
e.g.
Wǒ qùle sāncì Běijīng.
1) 我去了三次北京。
I have been to Beijing for three times.
Wǒ chīle liǎngcì yào.
2) 我吃了两次药。
I have taken the medicine twice.
Wǒ kànle sìbiàn shū.
3) 我看了四遍书。
I have read through the book for four times.
Exercise:
Nǐ qùguo jǐcì Běijīng?
Q:你去过几次北京?
Wǒ qùguo ______ Běijīng.
A:我去过______北京。
"cì" hé "biàn"
5、“次”和“遍”
Usage: "次(cì)" and "遍(biàn)" have similar meanings, but "遍(biàn)" emphasizes the whole process from beginning to end.
e.g.
Zhèběnshū wǒ kànle sān cì, wǒ méikànwán yíbiàn.
这本书我看了三次,我没看完一遍。
I've read the book for three times, but never finished it.
Exercise:
Wǒ jiàn guo tā sān ( ).
我见过他三( )。
Wò dúguo wǔ ( ) zhè běn shū,dàn dōu méikànwán.
我读过五( )这本书,但都没看完。
yǐqián/yǐhòu
6、以前/以后
Usage: V + 以前(yǐqián)/V + 以后(yǐhòu).
e.g.
chīfàn yǐqián/yǐhòu
1) 吃饭以前/以后
before/after having meal
shàngbān yǐqián/yǐhòu
2) 上班以前/以后
before/after going to work
Exercise: Substitution
lái Zhōngguó yǐqián
来中国以前
jiéhūn shēngbìng lái Běijīng
结婚 生病 来北京
Exercise
1、填空:Fill in the blanks
fā (    ) ké (    ) (    ) mào shū(    )
发(  ) 咳(  ) (  )冒 舒(  )
fever cough catch a cold comfortable
2、说一说:Talk with your friends
What do you say in Chinese when you go to see the doctor?